Pakistan ranked at 146 out of 187 countries in term of economic and human development, HDR report 2013.
United Nation Development Programme in Pakistan launches its 22nd Human Development Report 2013. According to the report Pakistan stand at 146th out of 187 countries in term of economic and human development. Human Development Report 2013 is, however, instrumental in the context of Pakistan, especially given the challenges faced today due to poor policy choices. Report argues that Pakistan can learn from different countries on how to enhance the skills and productivity of its people.
The report says 49 per cent of Pakistan’s population lives in poverty. However, proportion of population living in poverty is high throughout south Asia. Poverty is a serious issue for other regional countries as well. In Bangladesh 58 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line, followed by India where the figure is 54 percent and Nepal which maintains its poverty figure 44 per cent. Unequal income distribution and poor public infrastructure are primarily responsible for this.
The Report argues that if South Asian countries will not undertake healthy measure and interventions to reduce poverty, this will put million of peoples into poverty. However, Pakistan needs to expand infrastructure and improve governance.
The representatives of major political parties shared their views on the report that how Pakistan can learn from other developing countries like China & India and implement effective and inclusive policies in favor of human development.
While giving short interview to SDTV, MQM Deputy Convener, Dr Farooq Sattar invited all political parties on minimum common national development agenda to get Pakistan out of quagmire, which no single political party at the moment can do alone. He said, unless ensure the rule of law and people of Pakistan will not be given the ownership, one cannot think of human development. He further explain that if we want radical and drastic changes, and change the destiny of ordinary citizens then the subject of development must be handed over to the local government. And this can only happen if the local government elections also be in place.
European Union Ambassador, Lars-Gunnar WIGEMARK said that the rise of the South should be seen as beneficial for all countries including Pakistan as it presents opportunities for new development partnerships. He says, Pakistan needs to be committed to human development while increasing investments in health, education and other public services in order to make this development sustainable for future generations.
According to report poverty reduction, women empowerment and new technologies have shown to be prominent engines of change in South. But the momentum of development lies on the fragile ground, because the South has been facing the shared challenges such as climate changes, political participation, rising population and social inequalities.
In a nut shell, the report suggest that in order to gain growth momentum, countries in South must collaborate to enhance equity, enable participation, confront environmental pressures and manage demographic changes. These are huge challenges and cannot be tackled properly without political stability.