Terrorism, bad governance and climate change are becoming most serious and emerging traditional as well as non traditional security threat (NTST) to country’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. These mounting NTST are now undermining world peace and stability. There is, however, lack of global institutions with clear mandate and scope of work to tackle the issues of non-traditional security threats.
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Non traditional security threats largely stems form non-military sources, such as climate change, resource scarcity, infectious diseases, natural disasters, irregular migrations and food shortages. There is need for comprehensive political, economic and social responses around world as these threats are transnational in scope and has created backlash.
It is, however, believe that water scarcity, energy security, population explosion, poverty, irregular urbanizations, narcotics and ill health are now becoming potential NTST. Experts, policy makers, civil society and military personals, however, observe climate change as threat multiplier. There is need of redefining the national security and governments must prepare national security doctrines which incorporate all these non-traditional security threats in order to tackle its harmful impacts on individual security, they added.
Eminent experts believe that mostly existing traditional and non traditional security threats have been evolve from miss conduct and bad governance of government. Where Pakistan has failed to maintain a system based on social justice which social divide and inequalities and consequently threatening the existence of state. There is an urgent need of a large scale social protection policy where basic minimum needs of citizens must met based on social and economic justice and equity.
As we have witnessed that in 2010 floods approximately 22 millions people were displaced and our country had to bear huge loss of infrastructure and our economy become collapse. According to the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Damage and Needs Assessment (DNA) report, total damages estimated to agriculture, energy, transport and communication, health, environment as well as the forestry, water supply and sanitation amount to Rs. 324.5 billion (US$ 3.7 billion) and ruined 6.2 million acres of crops.
There is dire need of international framework to combat the emerging threats of non-traditional security threats. Because non-traditional security threats are transnational and not confined to national boundaries and this could only possible if all stakeholder come on one page and develop a good global governance system to address these issues.