An overwhelming majority of children in rural areas of the Punjab and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa provinces is deprived of educational opportunities. A survey conducted by SDPI under the Awaz Voice and Accountability Project shows that majority areas of the Punjab and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa have no schools.The study conducted with the support of Department for International development (DFID), UK suggests the necessity to maintain safe and high-quality school facilities.
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Despite the fact that the government in Khyberpakhtoon khwa spends 4 percent of the provincial GDP on Education, state of schools and education is poor. As, education is closely linked with poverty alleviation the situation in education sector is contributing in spread of poverty. In Provincial government of Khyberpakhton has taken a major initiative for provision of education in the local language.
Democracy has played a major role in development process of the first world. Experts say, Strengthening democracy in Pakistan can be a positive step in this direction. This can be done by strengthen democratic process and creating political awareness in the population. Encouraging women to participate in political process can yield good results. The suspension of the Local Governments has been a major impediment in the way of women political participation at the grassroots level.
Experts believe there is a need to strengthen democratic processes in Pakistan by making it more open, inclusive and accountable to the citizens.
Experts say Public Service Delivery does not seem to be on priority list of the public office bearers. Public at large, has no formal mechanism to register their complaints. Nearly 93 percent of citizen in study areas obtain drinking water through their own private arrangements. 65 percent of respondent in the survey complain the absence of doctors at the public hospitals.
The study has reviled that urban population prefers formal dispute resolution forums, whereas the rural communities consider informal dispute resolution mechanisms, such as Jirgas and Panchayats, as more effective.