Pakistan has failed to meet most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), where progress on 25 out of 33 indicators is off track. Speakers at a roundtable discussion on “Consultations on Post 2015 Development Agenda from Pakistani Perspective,” jointly organized by UNDP and Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Islamabad say, Pakistan needs to put its act together to improve the situation. Raja Taimur Hassan reports…to watch report click here
According to the UNDP report, around 1 billion people across the world are undernourished; more than 205 million are unemployed and 1.4 billion people lack access to modern energy services. Only 28% of global population is covered by social protection schemes. Experts say that the implementation of the MDGs framework has lifted almost 600 million people out of poverty. In most of the cases governments were the implementation partners.
In the last twelve years, income disparities have increased drastically, which has diluted the achievement of early years regarding alleviation of poverty. This has stalled overall progress on social development and put pressure on the efforts to protect environment. During the same period, Pakistan was made to bear a loss of $10 billion on annual basis, due to environmental degradation. In addition to that war on terror is hemorrhaging about 3 percent of the Gross Domestic Produce every year. Experts say volatile economic growth, climate change, natural disasters, militancy and volatile global prices are the major challenges that Pakistan face today.
Pakistan needs to address issues like social injustice, excessive poverty and ongoing violence, before it can pay attention to the remaining part of MDGs, and frame a response for the post 2015 period. Experts say, for achieving these targets economic growth should be inclusive and friendly to environment. And for that continuation of the a long-term policy implementation is a pre requisite.